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[期刊速覽]《中國農村經濟》2019年第9期
2019年10月11日 17:42 來源:中國社會科學網 作者:《中國農村經濟》編輯部 字號

內容摘要:

關鍵詞:

作者簡介:

  

  1.黃征學 高國力 滕飛 潘彪 宋建軍 李愛民:中國長期減貧,路在何方?——2020年脫貧攻堅完成后的減貧戰略前瞻

  【摘要】減貧是各國現代化進程中永恒的主題。2020年后,中國現行標準下的絕對貧困將基本消除,脫貧攻堅階段性目標將得以實現,但這并不意味著貧困的終結,可持續的減貧仍面臨新的問題和挑戰。本文認為,2020年后的減貧工作將發生五個“轉向”:減貧目標轉向建立高質量的標準體系,減貧方向轉向兼顧農村貧困和城市貧困,減貧重點轉向防范“三區三州”等深度貧困地區返貧,減貧動力轉向外在幫扶與內生發展并重,減貧財政轉向更加突出保底性與靶向性。順應減貧新趨勢,應調整減貧戰略思路,構建減貧測算新標準,優化減貧群體范圍,培育減貧新動能,完善減貧治理體系,不斷提高財政減貧資金的使用效率。最后,本文提出以下四點促進長期減貧的政策建議:一是過渡期內保持現行政策總體的連續性和穩定性;二是建立統籌城鄉的常態化減貧助弱機制;三是完善減貧助弱對象的精準識別和動態調整機制;四是創新保障性減貧和開發性減貧方式。

  【關鍵詞】2020年 脫貧攻堅 減貧戰略 城鄉統籌

  【作者單位】

  黃征學 高國力 滕飛 潘彪 宋建軍 李愛民,國家發展和改革委員會國土開發與地區經濟研究所

  【項目】本文研究受國家發展改革委宏觀經濟研究院重點課題“新型城鎮化空間布局調整優化研究”(編號:A2019051005)的資助。

  Where Is the Way for China to Reduce Poverty for a Long Time? Prospects for Poverty Reduction Strategies After the Completion of Poverty Alleviation in 2020

  Huang Zhengxue  Gao Guoli  Teng Fei  Pan Biao  Song Jianjun  Li Aimin

  Abstract: Poverty reduction is an eternal theme in the process of modernization in various countries. After 2020, the absolute poverty under China’s current standards will be basically eliminated, and the phased goal of poverty alleviation will be achieved. However, this does not mean the end of poverty. Sustainable poverty reduction still faces new difficulties and challenges. This article holds that there will be five “changes” in poverty reduction after 2020, namely, the target of poverty reduction will be shifted to the establishment of a high-quality standard system; the direction of poverty reduction will be shifted to the consideration of rural poverty and urban poverty; the focus of poverty reduction will be shifted to the prevention of returning to poverty in such deep poverty-stricken areas as “three districts and three states”; the driving force of poverty reduction will be shifted to paying equal attention to both external assistance and endogenous development; and fiscal shifts to poverty reduction will give more prominence to guaranteeing and targeting. In line with the new trend of poverty reduction, we should actively develop new poverty reduction strategies, establish new standards for poverty reduction calculation, optimize and adjust the scope of poverty reduction groups, cultivate new momentum for poverty reduction, improve the poverty reduction governance system, and constantly improve the use of financial and poverty reduction funds. Furthermore, this article puts forward four policy suggestions to promote long-term poverty reduction: First, to maintain the overall continuity and stability of current policies during the transition period; Second, to establish a regular mechanism for coordinating urban and rural poverty reduction and assistance to vulnerable groups; Third, to improve the mechanism for accurate identification and dynamic adjustment of vulnerable targets for poverty reduction; Fourth, to innovate new ways to reduce poverty through security and development.

  Key Words: 2020; Poverty Alleviation; Poverty Reduction Strategy; Urban and Rural Coordination

  【責任編輯】陳秋紅

作者簡介

姓名:《中國農村經濟》編輯部 工作單位:

轉載請注明來源:中國社會科學網 (責編:張文齊)
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